What are the Different Types of Nurses?

types of nurses

The nursing field continues to evolve just like other career fields. As a result, there are various types of nurses. Studies have shown that there is a huge demand for nurses in the US and UK. Thus, pursuing a nursing career can be quite rewarding with benefits, such as growth opportunities, a sense of fulfillment, and hefty salaries.

If you want to become a nurse, you need to know the different fields and specialties of nursing. With various nursing specialties, it becomes challenging for nursing students to know what is good for them. From a nurse practitioner to oncology nurse, there are various types of nurses out there.

These are the fastest-growing and in-demand nursing specialties in US, Canada, and UK.

Registered Nurse (RN)

A registered nurse coordinates and provides patient care. Also, the nurse is required to provide emotional support and advice to patients. This type of nurse educates the public and patients about common health conditions and diseases.

If you want to become a registered nurse, you should pursue either RN or BSN degree. This means you can pursue a bachelor’s degree or associate’s degree in nursing. You will start working in this industry sooner as compared to other medical degrees.

As a registered nurse, you will have lots of career opportunities and can work in different industries depending on your passions and interests. In addition, if you want to work in the healthcare industry, you should become a registered nurse.

  • Education: Bachelor’s or Associates Degree
  • Employment Fields: Residential care, hospitals, clinics, and more
  • Expected Salary: $59,000 – $80,000
  • Certifications: State nursing license

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Cardiac Nurse

Heart disease is one of the major causes of death across the world. As a result, there is an increasing demand for cardiac nurses. The number of patients suffering from heart-related complications keeps increasing. A cardiac nurse administers surgical procedures such as pacemaker surgery, angioplasty, and bypass.

If you have a keen interest in heart-related issues and you want to work with surgeons, then you should pursue a career in cardiac nursing.

  • Education: Registered Nurse (RN)
  • Employment: Hospitals, Rehab Centers, In-Home Care
  • Certification: State Nursing License
  • Salary: $70,000 Annual Average

Travel Nurse

A travel nurse is a registered nurse who works in healthcare organizations and hospitals to fill workforce gaps. For instance, a travel nurse can relieve nurses going on a sick leave or maternity leave. Also, a travel nurse can go to another country to deal with emergency situations such as Ebola or national disasters.

These nurses can move from one facility to another depending on their contract. They receiver hourly pay plus housing stipend. Other than the satisfaction of discovering new areas, these nurses broaden their experiences.

If you want to work and live in different areas, you should become a travel nurse:

  • Education: Registered Nurse
  • Employment: Hospitals, Not for Profit Organizations
  • Certification: Depends on specialty
  • Salary Range: $68,000 on average

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Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA)

This is a highly trained nurse who specializes in administering anesthesia during surgeries. These are the highest-paid nurse specialties because of the level of education and detailed training they get. If you want to become an CRNA, you need to complete a graduate level degree in nursing.

  • Education: Master’s Degree (MSN)
  • Employment: Specialty Hospitals, Hospitals, and Surgical Centers
  • Certification: CRNA Certification
  • Salary: $145,980 – $157,760

Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)

A licensed practical nurse works with registered nurses and physicians to offer patients basic nursing care. It is advisable to start working as an LPN as you gain experience before you advance your career with a bachelor’s degree (BSN) or associate’s degree (ASN).

Since the aging population keeps increasing, there is a huge demand for LPNs. They have a lot of duties in rehab centers, hospice, and residential treatment centers. The demand for LPNs is estimated to increase in future.

  • Education: Diploma in nursing
  • Employment: Hospitals, care homes
  • Certification: NCLEX-PN exam
  • Salary: $49,850 annual average

Oncology Nurse

An oncology nurse is involved in cancer diagnosis and treatment. They help patients from early detection to treatment to symptom management. These nurses work in hospitals and specialized cancer centers. You can also find them in ambulatory centers and care organizations.

Studies have shown that most cancer cases are diagnosed in the ages of 55 to 84. This is according to National Cancer Institute. The truth is that oncology nurses play a critical role in the healthcare industry.

If you want a profession that allows you to take care of patients dealing with critical illness, you should become an oncology nurse. You will also teach patients and general public about available treatments and their possible outcomes.

  • Education: Bachelor’s degree
  • Employment: Hospitals, specialty medical centers
  • Certification: Oncology Certified Nurse
  • Salary: $67,640

Orthopedic Nurse

An orthopedic nurse studies musculoskeletal diseases and issues, such as joint replacements, osteoporosis, arthritis, and fractured bones. These nurses take care of intricate disease issues and physical problems.

Nurses who work in critical care, surgical, and emergency rooms are poised to work in orthopedic areas. Also, there are certain courses nurses can pursue related to orthopedics. You can find courses in bodily trauma, osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis care.

  • Education: Bachelor’s degree
  • Employment: Hospitals, home care, assisted living centers, and rehabilitation centers
  • Certifications: NCLEX-RN

Nurse Manager

A nurse manager is an experienced nurse leader who can oversee team of nurses and healthcare staff. The nurse manager ensures positive patient outcomes and ensures the hospital achieves excellent standard of care.

A nurse manager is required to have strong leadership, communication, and critical thinking skills. These skills are needed to manage coordinate patient care and manage teams. If you have a vision to improve the standards of patient care, then you should consider becoming a nurse manager.

  • Education: Bachelor’s Degree, Masters’ Degree
  • Employment: Hospital administrators
  • Certification: RN
  • Salary: $76,000

Nurse Educator

The truth is that many students are enrolling in nursing degree programs. Thus, the demand for skilled nursing educators is always on the rise. When it comes to the academic setting, nursing educators can help implement education programs both for practicing nurses and nursing students.

In the clinical setting or hospital, nurse educators can help train healthcare professionals and other nurses. Through their experience, nurse educators can help to identify opportunities to mitigate risks and improve processes to the hospital, patients, and other healthcare workers.

  • Education: Doctorate in Nursing, Master’s degree
  • Employment: Hospitals, colleges, and universities
  • Certification: RN
  • Salary: $87,650

Nurse Anesthetist

This is a specialized nurse who is trained and certified to administer anesthesia to patients. The nurse provides care in a range of settings, such as physician’s offices, hospitals, the military, and specialized health centers. Also, these types of nurses work in non-clinical settings as an administrator, researcher, and teacher.

According to Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment opportunities for nurse anesthetists are likely to grow by double digits.

  • Education: Master’s degree
  • Employment: Hospitals, rural areas, military
  • Certification: NBCRNA
  • Salary: $195,610

Nurse Practitioner

A nurse practitioner provides advanced care services that include health promotion, wellness, disease management, and health prevention. These nurses also offer diagnosis and treatment of acute illnesses. There are also Family Nurse Practitioners who work with patients of all ages.

In rural or underserved areas, the nurse practitioners play a critical role in patient care. The opportunities for nurse practitioners are expected to grow in future.

  • Education: MSN
  • Employment: Hospitals
  • Certification: RN
  • Salary: $120,970

Pediatric Nurse

If you have a desire or find it fulfilling in providing care to teenagers and young children, you should become a pediatric nurse. Like other nurses, the pediatric nurses carry out a range of physical examinations, develop treatment plans, and diagnose illnesses.

  • Education: ASN
  • Employment: Hospitals
  • Certification: N/A
  • Salary: $65,000

Public Health Nurse

A public health nurse is tasked with advocacy and teaching the general public about healthcare information. These nurses educate patients and people about various treatment procedures, disease prevention, and offering medical care.

If you like working with large communities, you should become a public health nurse.

  • Education: ASN
  • Employment: Community clinics, hospitals
  • Certification: Community Health Nursing Exam
  • Salary: $57,231

Mental Health Nurse

This type of nurse is tasked with diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders in patients. You should note that counseling services are an important duty in the nursing discipline. If you want to develop relationships with patients and help them with their mental and emotional needs, then you should become a mental health nurse.

  • Education: Master’s degree
  • Employment: Psychiatric facilities, rehabilitation centers, and hospitals
  • Certification: RN
  • Salary: $66,780

The above types of nurses are the most hotly recruited. If you want to become a nurse, you should consider becoming one of the above. Remember that there are more to it with unique expectations for everyday duties and educational requirements.

There are different types of nurses with unique expectations for everyday duties and educational requirements. Also, the salary varies from one type of nurse to another. Although the uniforms may be the same, their job descriptions are quite different. Their roles are based on training and certification.

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